The grassroots government and ordinary people are the two key subjects of grassroots consultation. The responsiveness of the grassroots government affects grassroots people’s participation, and together they influence the operation of grassroots consultation. Hence, responsive consultation constitutes an important path for the effective operation of grassroots negotiation. Under the bureaucratic-based logic, the grassroots government’s weak responsiveness manifests iteself as an avoidance response, under the impact of which the grassroots people are absent from participaton. The lack of interaction between the government and the people in the consultation leads to an exclusive consultation with poor negotiative effects. Under the administrative logic, the grassroots government’s weaker responses manifest as an administrative response with the grassroots people’s passive participation. One-way communication between the government and the people forms a mobilized consultation, with worse negotiative effects. Under the governance logic, the grassroots government makes a strong response, presenting itself as a governance response with the grassroots people’s active participation. The benign interaction between the government and the people forms an inclusive negotiation with better negotiative effects. The governmental responsiveness can change dynamically from low responsiveness to high responsiveness with corresponding enhanced public participation. Grassroots consultations will shift from exclusive consultations to inclusive consultations with improved consultation effects.