随着“三权分置”改革的不断深入，宅基地制度步入市场化改革阶段，宅基地流转已是大势所趋。在宅基地流转推进过程中，存在基层地方政府治理的缺位与越位、村级组织的错位与失位、村民自身的弱化与失声等基层治理失灵的困境，亟待构建基层地方政府、村级组织、村民等主体共同参与的协同治理结构。协同治理因清晰的治理结构、明确的主体职责、平等的沟通机制和统一的约束标准而有着独一无二的优越性，SFIC 模型为协同治理程序提供了较为成熟的演绎框架。以协同治理为理论基础，以SFIC 模型为分析框架，构建多元主体参与的协同治理模式，使各参与主体达成共识并持续推进宅基地流转目标的实现，创新乡村治理体制。
With the deepening of the reform of “Separation of Three Rights” on homestead, the homestead system has entered the stage of market-oriented reform, and the homestead circulation has become the general trend. In the process of promoting homestead circulation, there are many difficulties, such as the absence and offside of grassroots local government governance, the dislocation and loss of village level organizations, and the weakening and voiceless of villagers themselves. Therefore, it is urgent to build a collaborative governance structure with the participation of local governments, village organizations and farmers. Collaborative governance has unique advantages because of clear governance structure, clear main responsibilities, equal communication mechanism and unified constraint standards. SFIC model provides a better deductive framework for collaborative governance procedures. This paper constructs a collaborative governance model with multi-agent participation based on the theory of collaborative governance and SFIC model, so that all participants can reach an agreement, continuously promote the realization of the goal of homestead circulation, and innovate the rural governance system.