Increasing the income of low-income rural residents is a top priority for achieving common prosperity. The number of low-income rural residents is relatively large, their income level is quite low and the income gap among rural residents is still widening. There is a downward trend in the net operating income of the low-income rural residents. The wage income accounts for the highest proportion but its growth is unstable. The transferred net income accounts for a high proportion but there is limited room for growth. In order to steadily increase the income of low-income rural residents, it is necessary to establish a rural industrial system that would benefit the low-income rural residents, strengthen employment assistance and human capital construction, further rural reform, promote the capitalization operation of rural assets, advance the social security system, raise the security standards, improve the infrastructure and public services in underdeveloped rural areas and create a good environment for income increase.