By using 278 survey data of farmers in cherry planting region in Shaanxi and Shandong Province, an analytical framework of six factors of individual and situation has been constructed from configuration perspective. Through using NCA and QCA methods, the multiple concurrent factors that affect farmers’ green production and their mechanism have been explored and the influence mechanisms and driving paths of promoting green production have been identified. The study shows that a single antecedent factor could not constitute a necessary condition for the high green production, but improving the capacity of farmers plays a universal role. The six factors of individual and situation could form diversified condition configuration to motivate farmers’ high green production, which could be classified into 4 types: individual self-driven type, opportunity-driven type under government regulation intervention, capacity-driven type under market incentive support, and opportunity-and-ability-driven type under the guidance of social norms. These types have an asymmetric relationship with the driving mechanism of low green production.